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in Criminal Law
Asked December 22, 2017

Child Abuse

  • 1 Answer

1) What are the steps to be taken by an NGO worker after the child makes revelation? 2) After discussions with seniors whom should the organization approach? (CWC or police or DCPU) 3) If a child comes to the NGO after a case has been registered then what all documents are required? 4) 5) What happens if the abuser is also a child? How different is the procedure? 6) What happens if a child is abused by a person employed at child care institutions? 7) How does revelation after a long time affect the legal procedures involved? 8) What happens if an adult living in aftercare reveals that he/she was abused when they were a child? Is such a case registered under POCSO? (after 2012) 9) How does lack of medical proof affect the case? 10) If an offence has taken place in some other state over which the concerned police station does not have jurisdiction then do the police officers register the case under Zero FIR or are they hesitant to do so? 11) In case the child changes statement then how does the case get affected? 12) Who accompanies the child for medical examination?

Answer 1

Do you have a passion for helping others? A vision for changing the world in a positive way, or are focused on volunteerism for the greater good?

Then working for or starting a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) may be worth looking into. Consider these words of inspiration from Woodrow Wilson, the 28th President of the United States:

“You are not here merely to make a living. You are here in order to enable the world to live more amply, with greater vision, with a finer spirit of hope and achievement. You are here to enrich the world, and you impoverish yourself if you forget the errand.”

The NGO universe is a crowded place, fraught with challenges that at times may cloud your perception of future rewards. Exactly how crowded? There are millions of NGOs internationally, from one to two person organizations in your home town to those with a multi-national presence and thousands of staff and volunteers. India, alone, has an estimated 3.3 million NGOs.

Key Ingredients of Starting an NGO

To be successful at working for, starting, or running an NGO, you need to expertly blend together the key ingredients that will make or break your efforts – everything from promotion and funding to volunteers versus paid staff and everything in between. But one ingredient can change the flavor of the final product: Programs and projects. Without an understanding of the needs of your target audience, and tailoring your programs accordingly, you are doomed to failure.

Important Steps to Starting Your NGO
  • Establish a Purpose/Vision/Goals. This is the most basic step you can take when founding an NGO, as it allows you to determine the purpose of the organization. At this point, it is recommended that you simply put pen to paper and start writing a statement that describes what the NGO does, what its values are, and who its target audience is.
  • Set Up Your Board of Directors. Though an NGO is a charitable organization, to be successful it needs to be run as a businesses, with clearly defined goals and financial parameters. For this, you need to establish a board of directors, recruiting seasoned professionals – even for an initial short term – with expertise in management, legal issues, fundraising, human resources, and technology.
  • Retain Legal Expertise. At least initially, you will be faced with many tasks best undertaken by a lawyer, such as registering the NGO, filing articles of incorporation, filing reports, dealing with tax issues, and securing licenses.
  • Choose a Name. Before deciding on a name for your NGO, make sure you research other similar organizations to see what names they have chosen to best describe the work they do. Even if your favorite name is already gone, you will generate ideas from the experience and soon find the perfect name is waiting in the shadows.
  • Draft Articles of Incorporation. Another task for your chief legal counsel, creating the articles of incorporation provides a legal description of the organization and grants power to the board. The articles specify the name of the NGO, its purpose and mission, statement declaring its non-profit status, where it is located, the number of board members and their names, extent of personal liability, whether the NGO has capital stock (in most cases, no), and how long the NGO is expected to function (often simple described as “everlasting”).
  • Draft Bylaws. These simply state the responsibility of the NGO itself, including information such as purpose or mission, registered office of the organization, members, qualifications, and lengths of membership, the size of the board of directors and its responsibilities, how board meetings will be run, committee structure, and officer duties.
  • Register Your NGO. In most cases, an NGO is registered in its local country or seat of government. Often, government offices have staffs who handle NGO registrations, and this is the best place to start to learn about the registration process.
  • Hold Your First Board of Director’s Meeting. What happens at the kick off meeting for the board? The board will usually adopt the bylaws, establish officers, committees, and discuss early projects the NGO may want to focus on.
  • Find an Accounting System. From the earliest days of running an NGO, you must establish a transparent accounting system that records where funding comes from, and how it is used. In this case, transparent means your accounting records are open for public scrutiny, and you have nothing to hide.
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