National Counter Terrorism Center
Why was the National Counter Terrorism Center created and what is the power given to it
1. The National Counter Terrorism Centre (NCTC) was set up by the then Government after the 26/11 attacks in Mumbai, as there was a need felt to setup a separate body to deal with terrorism, specifically. This was largely based on the American and United Kingdom model of Counter Terrorism Committees. The NCTC was set up by the then Home Minister, P. Chidambaram and was meant to exercise control over other agencies like NIA, NTRO, Joint Intelligence Committee, National Crime Records Bureau, NATGRID as well as NSG.
The powers of the NCTC were to be derived from the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. The NCTC would be under the control of the Union Home Ministry and would have the powers to conduct searches and issue arrest warrants throughout India. Further, it would also be responsible to collect data on terrorism and maintain databases for the same.
However, the NCTC failed to emerge as a working cell in India as the State authorities were against the idea of the committee. They felt that this would affect the Federal structure of the country as the NCTC would have the power to arrest and search without the prior permission of the State authorities.
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