The Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) is an attached office/organisation of the Ministry of Civil Aviation. As per Chapter III Part 3 (i) of the Manual of office procedure(fourteenth edition of the MINISTRY OF PERSONNEL, PUBLIC GRIEVANCES AND PENSIONS DEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATVE REFORMS AND PUBLIC GRIEVANCES) an attached office provides detailed executive directions required in the implementation of the policies as laid down by the ministry to which they are attached. So DGCA is like a regulatory body in the field of Civil Aviation which is responsible for regulation of air transport services to/from/within India and for enforcement of civil air regulations, air safety and airworthiness standards. Such responsibilities are given under section 5 of The Aircraft Act, 1934 which gives the power to the Central government to make rules. Rule 3A of The Aircraft Rule, 1937 give the authority and power to the Central government to delegate such power to any authority.
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